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《英美社会与文化入门》

教学大纲


课程编号:
课程名称(中文):《英美社会与文化入门》
课程名称(英文):The Society and Culture of Major English-speaking Countries
开课单位:外语学院
学 分:4 学 时:72
考核方式:考查
执 笔:申光 编写日期:2004年9月


前 言


《英美社会与文化入门》运用社会语言学、文化语言学、语用学、语义学、翻译学等相关领域的理论原则与方法,在引入当代讲英语的几个国家人文、地理、历史、政治、经济、教育等内容的基础上,探索研究以上诸多因素对英语语言学习和运用的影响,揭示文化与语言交际深层次关系。通过中外文化各方面的比较,培养学生对文化的敏感性,增强跨文化交际的能力。英美文化是外语学院学生的基础课程之一,是一门基础理论、专业方向与实践并重的课程。本课程最大特色在于其专业性、针对性、指导性和应用性,是培养学生成为英语专业水平高,同时又懂得如何恰当运用英语的复合型专业人才的必备课程。

【开设目的】


《英美社会与文化入门》是介绍英语国家社会与文化入门的一门课程,是英语专业的基础课程。开设本课的目的在于使学生通过学习,能够比较全面地了解英美等国的各种情况,培养学生正确分析认识有关英美等国问题的能力,并能以正确的眼光看待世界上所发生的问题,把学生培养成为高素质的人才,同时又能爱祖国、热爱社会主义,致力为祖国的繁荣、发达而努力的人才,这是培养英语专业学生如何树立正确世界观的一个重要手段;通过比较学习不同文化中具有特殊文化涵义的词语与表达式,可以促使学生掌握一些特殊词语的深层次意义,是对词汇的学习以及翻译水平的提高有益的补充;通过开展中外文化的比较,让学生切身感受到成功的交际仅有语言是远远不够的,文化方面的因素有时所起的作用远远大于语言本身,必将为英语学习者成功地参与国际商务活动,更有效地进行国际合作与交流打下坚实的文化基础。

【教学要求】


通过这门课程的学习,要求学生不仅仅了解当今几个讲英语国家的社会各方面的基本情况,而且要学会如何把所学的文化各方面知识转换为正确运用语言的能力。使学生掌握在跨文化交际过程中,面对何人、在什么时候,应当说什么、如何正确说的能力。

 

教学目的要求、内容和方法

【目的要求】


当今世界是一个以全方位交流合作为主旋律的世界。广泛深入地学习英语国家文化是成功地走向世界,进一步加强国际文化交流的必要条件,同时也是学好英语的必要条件。实践证明,成功的英语教学与学习是英语语言教学与学习和文化知识的教学与学习紧密结合的结果。

【教学内容】


第一章:介绍与文化有关的基本概念,文化的特征、范畴,文化与语言学习间的关系,本课的要求、学习方法与用途
第二章:英国简况(国家的组成、国土等)
第三章:英国政府
第四章:英国政党
第五章:英国经济状况
第六章:英国文学、体育、节假日及教育体制
第七章:英国社会各阶级、种族、对外关系与大众传媒
第八章:澳大利亚国土、人民、历史、政治生活简况
第九章:澳大利亚经济与文化生活
第十章:新西兰人文、历史、政治、教育、经济简况
第十一章:美国简况(国家的组成、国土等)
第十二章:美国政府
第十三章:美国政党
第十四章:美国经济状况
第十五章:美国文学、体育及教育体制
第十六章:美国社会各阶级、种族、对外关系与大众传媒
第十七章:加拿大国土、人民、历史、政治生活简况
第十八章:加拿大经济与文化生活

【教学方法】


教师授课与学生演讲相结合;课堂讨论与课后阅读相结合;理论与实践相结合;并辅以多媒体手段的全方位教学方法。

教 材:
朱永涛(主编),2001,《英语国家社会与文化入门》(The Society and Culture of Major English-Speaking Countries),北京:高等教育出版社。

参考书目:
1. 周富强、霍海洪编著,2000, 《新编英语国家文化基础教程》,中国社会科学出版社。
2. 来安方编著,1996,《英美概况》,河南教育出版社。
3. 最新出版的英文报刊如China Daily,Beijing Review,China Construction资料文献;美国CNN电视节目录像;VOA、BBC广播录音等。
4. 邓炎昌,刘润清著,1994, 《语言与文化》,北京:外语教学与研究出版社。
5. 胡文仲(主编),1994,《文化与交际》,北京:北京外国语大学。
6.龚毓秀(主编),1999,《语言,文化,教学》,广州:中山大学出版社。

【考试与考查】


学生总评成绩取决于学生的出勤情况、课堂参与、学期论文、课后作业和期末考试成绩。考试采取正规考试的形式,采用名词解释、填空/多项选择、简答等形式考察学生对以英美为主的几个讲英语国家社会、文化各方面的熟悉与掌握情况,以及考察学生在所学知识的基础上对一些设计所学国家问题的分析能力。

【成绩构成】


40%:出勤、课堂参与、课后作业、学期论文;60%:期末考试

 

 


The Society And Culture Of Major English-Speaking Countries: An Introduction

Course Title: The Society And Culture Of Major English-Speaking Countries: An Introduction
Description: Culture shapes our view of the world. And language is the most representative element in any culture. Any item of behavior, tradition or pattern can only be understood in light of its meaning to the people who practice it. A knowledge of the codes of behavior of another people is important if today’s foreign language student is to communicate fully in the target language. Without the study of culture, foreign language instruction is inaccurate and incomplete. For foreign language students, language study seems senseless if they know nothing about the people who speak it or the country in which it is spoken. Language learning should be more than the manipulation of grammar, syntax and lexicon. The study of different cultures aids us in getting to know different people which is a necessary prelude to understanding and respecting other peoples and their ways of life. It helps to open our students’ eyes to the similarities and differences in the life of various cultural groups. Today, most of our students live in a monolingual and monocultural environment. Consequently, they become culture-bound individuals who tend to make premature and inappropriate value judgments. This can cause them to consider the foreign peoples whose language they are trying to learn as very peculiar and even ill-mannered. Foreign language instruction should be a humanistic pursuit intended to sensitize students to other cultures, to the relativity of values, to appreciation of similarities among peoples and respect for the differences among them. From the point of view of language instruction, culture can be roughly divided into formal culture and deep culture. Formal culture, sometimes referred to as Culture with a capital C, includes the humanistic manifestations and contributions of a foreign culture: art; music; literature; architecture; technology; politics. However, with this way of looking at culture, we often lose sight of the individual. The most profitable way of looking at culture is to see what it does. Deep culture, or culture with a small c, focuses on the behavioral patterns or lifestyles of the people: When and what they eat; how they make a living; the attitudes they express towards friends and members of their families; which expressions they use to show approval or disapproval and so on. In this sense, culture is a body of ready-made solutions to the problems encountered by the students. It is a cushion between man and his environment. So this course is designed to provide our students not only with a list of facts of history or geography and a list of lexical items, but also with an intimate view of what life is really like in the target culture, in the hope that it will raise our students’ awareness of culture, develop their abilities to use English language appropriately in cross-cultural communication and their analytical abilities on current world events.

Objectives and Requirements:
Better international understanding is a noble aim, but how can the transition be made from theoretical matters to the active, crowded, and sometimes noisy foreign language classroom? One problem in all classroom work is the involvement of students, interest, attention, and active participation. Learning activities which focus on active rather than passive learning are the best. Traditional methods of teaching culture in the foreign language classroom have been focused on formal culture and passive learning. Students do need both a geographical and historical perspective in order to understand contemporary behavior patterns but this can be done with hands-on activities. Foreign language students want to feel, touch, smell, and see the foreign peoples and not just hear their language. So students will be encouraged to participate in the classroom discussions, seminars, and will be required to do some research on any topics related to any aspects of culture after class and hand in a 1000 to 1500 words report.

Content: This course will focus on two inseparable aspects of culture: one is the factual introduction of the general information concerning the five major English-speaking countries, in the form of lectures, presentations, discussions and with the help of multimedia, videos and CDs etc., to help our students to develop a perceptual sense of those countries; and the other one is the practical aspects of how to analyze the similarities and differences within these countries and even between Chinese culture, so they know how to appropriately use language in cross-cultural communication.

Schedule:
Chapter 1 Basics of culture: definition, characteristics, category; the relationship between culture and language; the requirement of this course; teaching and studying methods, etc
Chapter 2 Introduction to the United Kingdom: Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Chapter 3 The government of UK
Chapter 4 Politics
Chapter 5 The UK economy
Chapter 6 British Literature, Sports in Britain, British holidays and festivals, British educational system
Chapter 7 British society, Foreign Relations and British media
Chapter 8 Land, people, history and political life in Australia
Chapter 9 The economy, the cultural and social life in Australia
Chapter 10 A general introduction to New Zealand
Chapter 11 An introduction to US
Chapter 12 The government of US
Chapter 13 US politics
Chapter 14 The US economy
Chapter 15 American literature and educational system
Chapter 16 American society, foreign relations and mass media
Chapter 17 An introduction to Canadian people, history, political life
Chapter 18 Canadian economy and cultural and social life

Teaching: Lectures, presentations, seminars with the assistance of multimedia, videos and CDs, etc.

Textbook:
(1) 朱永涛(主编),2001,《英语国家社会与文化入门》(The Society and Culture of Major English-Speaking Countries),北京:高等教育出版社。

Reference:
1. 周富强、霍海洪编著,《新编英语国家文化基础教程》,中国社会科学出版社,2000年10月版。
2. 来安方编著,《英美概况》,河南教育出版社,1996年。
3. 最新出版的英文报刊如China Daily,Beijing Review,China Construction资料文献;美国CNN电视节目录像;VOA、BBC广播录音等。
4. 邓炎昌,刘润清著,《语言与文化》,北京:外语教学与研究出版社。
5. 胡文仲主编,1994,《文化与交际》,北京:北京外国语大学。
6. 龚毓秀主编,1999,《语言,文化,教学》,广州:中山大学出版社。

Assessment:
40%: Attendance, participation and performance in classroom activities, completion of assignments and term paper
60%: final written examination

 



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