Exercise One
1.Listen to the passage and fill in the blanks.    answers
Yin and yang, theterms in ancient China, refer to twoaspects of interrelated things or phenomena in the natural world. Yin- yang theory is used to expound the occurrence, development andof all things in the universe. In nature, it is the theory of opposition andin ancient times, the perspective and methodology of the ancient people, which belongs to the category ofand dialectics of the ancient China.
2.Match the following TCM terms.  answers
1.辨证论治   A. etiology
2.经络学说   B. diagnostics
3.病因学说   C. syndrome differentiation and treatment,
4.诊断学     D. the theory of viscera manifestations
5.脏象学说   E. meridian and collateral theory
答案:1、  2、  3、  4、  5、
3.Read the following two passages and choose the best answers.
Passage 1  answers
The field of medicine has always attracted its share of quacks and charlatans — that is, disreputable women and men with little or no medical knowledge who promise quick cures at cheap prices. The reasons why quackery thrives even in modern times are not hard to find.
To begin with,pain seems to be a chronic human condition. A person whose body or mind "hurts" will often pay any amount of money for the promise of relief. Second, even the best medical treatment can not cure all the ills that beset men and women. People who mistrust or dislike the truths that their physicians tell them often turn to more sympathetic ears.
Many people lack the training necessary to evaluate medical claims. Given the choice between (a) a reputable physician who says a cure for cancer will be long, difficult, expensive, and may not work at all, and (b)a salesperson who says that five bottles of a secret formula "snake oiFwill cure not only cancer, but tubeculosis,and bad breath as well, some individuals will opt for the bottle of snake oil.
Many "snake oil" remedies are highly laced with alcohol or narcotic drugs. Anyone who drinks them may get so drunk that they drown their pains in the rising tide of pleasant intoxication. Little wonder that "snake oil" is a popular cure-all for minor aches and hurts! But let there be no misunderstandings. A very few "home remedies" actually work. However, most remedies sold by quacks are not only useless, but often can be harmful to the user as well.
1. All of the following are reasons why quacks continue to do business EXCEPT that _____.
A  people are often willing to pay any amount of money for the promise of relief
B  many people are not in a position to evaluate medical claims and diagnoses
C  many "snake oil" remedies will not do harm to the patient, even if they do not actually work
D  quacks, apparently sympathetic, can easily coax patients into believing that they can help them recover
2. According to the passage, the author would probably agree that _____.
A  sometimes people do get some help from charlatans
B  doctors should not lie to their patients
C  quacks and charlatans are motivated by the desire to help mankind
D  only poorly educated people seek quacks'advice
3.The phrase "opt for" (paragraph 3) can best be replaced by _____.
A  "choose"
B  "decide on"
C  "pick up"
D  "accept"
4. According to the author, which of the following is true?
A  Most home remedies are effective.
B  "Snake oil" remedies are a popular cure-all for minor aches and pains.
C  "Snake oil" remedies can help a patient psychologically, but not physically.
D  "Snake oil" remedies are alcohol or narcotic drugs pure and simple.
5. Using context clues, we may infer that the word "intoxication" means "the condition of being
A  poisoned
B  unconscious
C  asleep
D  drunk
Passage 2  answers
Every body gets sick. Disease and injury make us suffer throughout our lives until, finally, some attack on the body brings our existence to an end. Fortunately, most of us in modern industrialized societies can take relatively good health for granted most of the time. In fact, we tend to fully realize the importance of good health only when we or those close to us become seriously ill. At such times we keenly appreciate the ancient truth that health is our most precious asset, one for which we might readily give up such rewards as power, wealth, or fame.
Because ill health is universal problem, affecting both the individual and society, the human response to sickness is always socially organized. No society leaves the responsibility for maintaining health and treating ill health entirely to the individual. Each society develops its own concepts of health and sickness and authorizes certain people to decide who is sick and how the sick should be treated. Around this focus there arises, over time, a number of standards, values, groups, statuses, and roles: in other words, an institution.To the sociologist, then, medicine is the institution concerned with the maintenance of health and treatment of disease.
In the simplest pre-industrial societies, medicine is usually an aspect of religion. The social arrangements for dealing with sickness are very elementary, often involving only two roles: the sick and the healer .The latter is typically also the priest, who relies primarily on religious ceremonies, both to identify and to treat disease: for example, bones may be thrown to establish a cause, songs may be used to bring about a cure. In modern industrialized societies, on the other hand, the institution has become highly complicated and specialized, including dozens of roles such as those of brain surgeon, druggist, hospital administrator, linked with various organizations such as nursing homes, insurance companies, and medical schools. Medicine, in fact, has become the subject of intense sociological interest precisely because it is now one of the most pervasive and costly institutions of modern society.
6.Which of the following statements is true according to Paragraph 1?
A  Nowadays most people believe they can have fairly good health.
B  Human life involves a great deal of pain and suffering.
C  Most of us are aware of the full value of health.
D  Ancient people believed that health was more expensive than anything else.
7.The word "authorize" in Paragraph 2 means "___________________".
A  make way for
B  give power to
C  write an order for
D  make it possible for
8. In Paragraph 2, we learn that the sociologist regards medicine as ____________.
A  a system whose purpose is to treat disease and keep people healthy
B  a universal problem that affects every society
C  a social responsibility to treat ill health
9. According to Paragraph 3, which of the following is NOT true?
A  In the past, bones might be used to decide why people fell ill.
B  In pre-industrial societies priests sometimes treated patients by singing.
C  Modern medicine is so complicated that sociology no longer has a place in it.
D  There were only two roles in an elementary medical system, the patient and the one who tried to cure him.
10. The author of this passage is mainly concerned with ___________________.
A  sociological aspects in medicine
B  medical treatment of diseases
C  the development of medical science
D  the role of religion in medicine
4.Translate the following from Chinese to English.  answers
1. 没有克,就不能防止事物因过于发展而造成的危害。
2. 事物向阳的一面属阳,背阴的一面属阴。