Unit I
CHAPTER 1     Functional Organization of the Human Body and Control of the “Internal Environment”
1. Cell as the Livng Units of the Body
2. Extracellular Fluid _ the Internal Environment
3.“Homeostatic”Mechanisms of the Major Functional Systems
4. Control Systems of the Body
CHAPTER 2     The Cell and Its Function
1.Organization of the Cell
2.Physical Structures of the Cell
3.Comparison of the Animal Cell with Precellular Forms of Life
4.Functional Systems of the Cell
CHAPTR 3     Genetic Control of Protein Synthesis, Cell Function, and Cell Reproduction
1.The Genes
2.The DNA Code Is Transferred to an RNA Code-The Process of Transcription
3.Synthesis of Other Substances in the Cell
4.Control of Gene Function and Biochemical Activity in Cells
5.The DNA-Genetic System Also Controls Cell Reproduction
Unit II
Membrane Physiology, Nerve and Muscle
CHAPTER 4     Transport of Substances Through the Cell Membrane
1.The Lipid Barrier of the Cell Membrane and Cell Membrane Transport Proteins
2. Diffusion
3. Active Transport
CHAPTER 5     Membrane Potentials and Action Potentials
1.Basic Physics of Membrane Potentials
2. Resting Membrane Potential of Nerves
3.Nerve Action Potential
4.Propagation of the Action Potential
5.Re-establishing Sodium and Potassium Ionic Gradients After Action Potentials Are Completed—Importance of Energy Metabolism
6. Plateau in Some Action Potentials
7. Rhythmicity of Some Excitable Tissues—Repetitive Discharge
8.Special Characteristics of Signal Transmission in Nerve Trunks
9. Excitation—The Process of Eliciting the Action Potential
CHAPTER 6     Contraction of Skeletal Muscle
1.Physiologic Anatomy of Skeletal Muscle Skeletal Muscle Fiber 72
2.General Mechanism of Muscle Contraction
3.Molecular Mechanism of Muscle Contraction
4. Energetics of Muscle Contraction
5 .Characteristics of Whole Muscle Contraction
CHAPTER 7     Excitation of Skeletal Muscle: Neuromuscular Transmission and Excitation-Contraction Coupling
1. Transmission of Impulses from Nerve Endings to Skeletal Muscle Fibers:
The Neuromuscular Junction
2.Muscle Action Potential
Spread of the Action Potential to theInterior of the Muscle Fiber by Way of “Transverse Tubules”
1.Excitation-Contraction Coupling
CHAPTER 8     Contraction and Excitation of Smooth Muscle
1.Contraction of Smooth Muscle
2. Nervous and Hormonal Control of Smooth Muscle Contraction
Unit III
The Heart
CHAPTER 9     Heart Muscle; The Heart as a Pump and Function of the Heart Valves
1.Physiology of Cardiac Muscle
2.The Cardiac Cycle
3.Regulation of Heart Pumping

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